Pelvic inflammatory disease isn’t really an STI, but it is a common and potentially dangerous complication that of clamidia and gonorrhea. I’m including it here so people can be aware of their risks.
PID occurs when a bacteria somehow gets past the cervix and up into the uterus and fallopian tubes. A vaginal-bodied person is at greater risk of PID when they are under 25 (because the cervix hasn’t fully developed) and after anything causes the cervix to open (including childbirth, getting and IUD inserted, abortion, miscarriage and some medical procedures). While clamydia and gonorrhea are the most common causes of PID, they are not the only causes, and it is possible to get PID from non-sexually transmitted infections as well.
Transmission: Bacteria get past the cervix and into the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Symptoms: Clamydial PID rarely has symptoms. When symptoms are present they include abdominal pain, smelly discharge, bleeding between periods, burning during urination and pain during insertive sex.
Prevention: Don’t douche. Get tested and treated for STIs before getting and IUD or having any other procedure done which would open the cervix. Get tested for STIs regularly and get treatment as needed.
Treatment: PID is treated with antibiotics. There are no tests to determine which bacteria caused the infection, so 2 or more antibiotics are usually used to be certain that the treatment will be effective on a wide variety of bacteria.
Complications: If untreated, PID can cause damage to the fallopian tubes and uterus. This increases the risk of getting PID in the future, can cause ectopic pregnancies (where the egg implants in the fallopian tubes rather than the uterus) and in severe cases may lead to infertility. Long term abdominal pain is also possible.
Go back to The Long List of STIs